Social Cognitive Science Research Center | Brown University
Coding Schemes


  1. Folk Explanations of Behavior (F.Ex)

  2. Behavioral and Psychological Events

    • Events people wonder about and explain (B.Ev-D)
    • Events people attend to in social interactions (B.Ev-A)
    • What is the difference between B.Ev-D and B.Ev-A?
    • References: Malle and Knobe (1997), Malle and Pearce (2001)

    See also: Coding of Mental State Inferences in Narratives


Malle, B. F. (1999). How people explain behavior: A new theoretical framework. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 3, 23-48.

Malle, B. F. (2004). How the mind explains behavior: Folk explanations, meaning, and social interaction. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. pdf
Malle, B. F. (2011). Time to give up the dogmas of attribution: An alternative theory of behavior explanation. In J. M. Olson and M. P. Zanna, Advances of Experimental Social Psychology (Vol. 44, pp. 297-352). Burlington: Academic Press. pdf
Malle, B. F., Knobe, J., O’Laughlin, M., Pearce, G. E., & Nelson, S. E. (2000). Conceptual structure and social functions of behavior explanations: Beyond person–situation attributions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79, 309-326.

Malle, B. F., & Knobe, J. (1997). Which behaviors do people explain? A basic actor-observer asymmetry. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 288-304.

Malle, B. F., & Pearce, G. E. (2001). Attention to behavioral events during social interaction: Two actor-observer gaps and three attempts to close them. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 278-294.